Extreme Environment Systems
Generation and control of clean energy such as via combined cycle gas-fired power plants is an important research area for greener economies. Such power plants operate in extreme and hazardous environments and require operations at the newer higher temperatures ranges for better efficiencies and cleaner operations. Riza and co-workers have demonstrated novel extreme environment optical sensors needed for these extreme temperature (> 1500 deg-C) Zero Emissions fossil fuel-based power generation systems. These Riza group inventions include Silicon Carbide-based extreme temperature hybrid design sensors to measure temperature and pressure. Temperature sensing experiments using the silicon carbide thermometer placed in a commercial rig has reached world record high temperatures of 1600 deg-C. In addition, the Riza group has proposed and developed non-contact liquid level sensors to measure caustic fluid liquid levels. The Riza group has also proposed and developed non-contact E-lens based non-contact highest transverse spatial resolution 3-D shape sensors suited to measure shapes of 3-D objects in extreme environments.
Extreme Environment Temperature, Pressure, Liquid Level, and 3-D Shape Sensors
1. N. A. Riza, M. Arain, F. Perez, “Harsh Environments Minimally Invasive Optical Sensor using Freespace Targets,” IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol.6, No.3, pp.672-685, June 2006.
2. N. A. Riza, M. Arain, F. Perez, “ 6H- Single Crystal Silicon Carbide Thermo-Optic Coefficient Measurements for Ultrahigh Temperatures up-to 1273 K in the telecommunications infrared band,” AIP J. of Appl. Phys., Vol.98, No.1, 2005.
3. N. A. Riza and M. A. Arain, “ Cryogenic Temperature Measurement using Silicon Carbide-based Wireless Optical Sensor,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., Vol.18, No.24, pp.2599-2601, Dec. 15, 2006.
4. N. A. Riza, F. N. Ghauri, and F. Perez, “Wireless Pressure Sensor using Laser Targeting of Silicon Carbide,” Optical Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, Jan. 2007.
5. N. A. Riza, F. N. Ghauri, and F. Perez “ Silicon Carbide-based remote wireless optical pressure sensor,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett, Vol.19, April 1, 2007.
6. N. A. Riza and M. Sheikh, “Silicon carbide based extreme environment temperature sensor using wavelength tuned signal processing,” Optics Letters, Vol.33, No.10, pp.1129-1131, May 15, 2008.
7. N. A. Riza and S. A. Reza, “Non-Contact Distance Sensor using Spatial Signal Processing,” Optics Letters, Vol.34, No.4, pp.434-436, Feb.15, 2009.
8. M. Sheikh and N. A. Riza, “Direct Measurement High Resolution Wide Range Extreme Temperature Optical Sensor using an all-Silicon Carbide Probe,” Optics Letters, May 1, 2009.
9. N. A. Riza, M. Sheikh, and F. Perez, “Hybrid Wireless-Wired Optical Sensor for Extreme Temperature Measurement in Next Generation Energy Efficient Gas Turbines,” ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, vol. 132, May 2010.
10. N. A. Riza and M. Sheikh, “ All-Silicon Carbide Hybrid Wireless-Wired Optics Temperature Sensor Network Basic Design Engineering for Power Plant Gas Turbines,” International Journal of Optomechatronics, Vol.4, No.1, Jan-March, Taylor & Francis, pp. 83-91, 2010.
11. N. A. Riza and M. Sheikh, “Silicon Carbide-based High Resolution Extreme Environment Hybrid Design Temperature Sensor using Optical Pyrometry and Laser Interferometry,” IEEE Sensors J., , Vol.10, No.2, Feb. 2010.
12. N. A. Riza and S. A. Reza, “Smart Agile Lens Remote Optical Sensor for Three Dimensional Object Shape Measurements,” Applied Optics, Vol. 49, No. 8, March 10, 2010.
13. S. A. Reza and N. A. Riza, “Agile Lensing-based Non-Contact Liquid Level Optical Sensor for Extreme Environments,” Optics Communications, Vol.283, pp.3391-3397, 2010.
14. M. J. Amin and N. A. Riza, “Smart laser scanning sampling head design for image acquisition applications,” Applied Optics, Vol.52, No.20, 10 July 2013.
15. N. A. Riza and M. J. Amin, “Multi-Image Acquisition based Distance Sensor using Agile Laser Spot Beam Targeting,” Applied Optics, Sept. 2014.
1. N. A. Riza, M.A. Arain, F. Perez, “Harsh Environments Minimally Invasive Optical Sensing Technique for Extreme Temperatures: 1000 °C and Approaching 2500 °C,” International Conf. Proceedings of Optical Fiber Sensors 17 (OFS 17), SPIE Proc. Vol. 5855, pp.687-690, May 23-27, 2005 Bruges, Belgium.
2. N. A. Riza, F. Ghauri, F. Perez “Hybrid optical sensors using laser targeting,” SPIE Proc. Vol. 6189, Paper No.4, Optical Sensing II Conference, Editor, B. Culshaw, SPIE International Photonics Europe Congress, Strasbourg, France, April 3, 2006.
3. N. A. Riza, M. Sheikh, F. Perez, “Progress on Silicon Carbide Hybrid-Design Optical Sensors for Extreme Environments,” OSA International Optical Fiber Sensors (OFS) Conference, OFS 18, Cancun, Mexico, Oct. 2006.
4. N. A. Riza, M. Sheikh, F. Perez “Wireless Temperature Sensors using Single Crystal Silicon Carbide – An Industrial Feasibility and Design Study,” SPIE Proc. Vol. 6585, Paper No.19, Optical Sensing III Conference, Editor, F. Baldini, J. Homola, and R. Lieberman, SPIE International Photonics Europe Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, April 17, 2007.
5. N. A. Riza, M. A. Sheikh, and F. Perez, “Design and Fabrication of an Extreme Temperature Sensing Optical Probe using Silicon Carbide Technologies,” IEEE Sensors 2007 International Conference paper, Atlanta, Oct. 28-31, 2007.
6. M. Sheikh and N. A. Riza, “Experimental Studies of an All-Silicon Carbide Hybrid Wireless-Wired Optics Temperature Sensor for Extreme Environments in Turbines,” SPIE Proc. Vol. 7003, Paper No.A-11, Optical Sensing IV Conference, Editors, Francis Berghmans and Anna Grazia Mignani, SPIE International Photonics Europe Congress, Strasbourg, France, April 7, 2008.
7. N. A. Riza, “Progress on Silicon Carbide Optical Sensors for Extreme Temperature Measurements in Gas Turbines,” Invited Paper & Presentation, International Instrumentation Symposium (IIS), Special Session of the Power Industry Working Group (PIWG), IIS Conf. Proceedings, Pennsacola, Florida, May 8, 2008.
8. N. A. Riza and M. A. Sheikh, “All-Silicon Carbide Hybrid Wireless-Wired Optics Temperature Sensor: Turbine Tests and Distributed Fiber Sensor Network Design,” SPIE Proc. Vol. 7356, Paper No.24, Optical Sensing V Conference, Editors, F. Baldini, J. Homola, and R. A. Leiberman, SPIE International Photonics Europe Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, April 21, 2009.
9. N. A. Riza, M. A. Sheikh, and F. Perez, “All-Silicon Carbide Hybrid Wireless-Wired Optics Extreme Temperature Sensor For Greener Next-Generation Gas Turbines,” OIDA Conference: OPTOmism: Powering the Green Revolution through Photonics, Santa Clara, May 20, 2009.
10. N. A, Riza, “Advances in Hybrid Wireless-Wired Optics Physical Sensors for Extreme Environments ,” SPIE Proc., Optical Sensing V Conference, Editors: F. Berghmans, A. G. Mignani, and C. A. van Hoof, SPIE International Photonics Europe Congress, Brussels, Belgium, April, 2010.
11. N. A. Riza and S. A. Reza, “ Non-Contact Opto-Fluidics-based Liquid Level Sensor for Harsh Environments,” SPIE Conf. on Photonics in the Transportation Industry: Auto to Aerospace III, Editors: A. Kazemi and B. C. Kress, SPIE Defense Security and Sensing, Vol. 7675, No.2, April 2010.
12. P. J. Marraccini and N. A. Riza, “High resolution wide dynamic range distance sensor using spatial signal processing,” Photonic Applications for Aerospace, Transportation, and Harsh Environment II, SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing Conf. Vol.8026, Paper 10, 25-29 April 2011.
13. N. A. Riza, “Advances in Hybrid Design Optical Sensors for Hazardous Environments of Energy Systems,” EOS Ann. Mtg. Proc., Aberdeen, 2012.
14. N. A. Riza, M. J. Amin, “Smart optical writing head design for laser-based manufacturing,” SPIE Photonics West Conference on Laser Applications in Microelectronic and Optoelectronic Manufacturing (LAMOM) XIX, SPIE Vol. 8967, paper No.51, Feb.4, San Francisco, 2014.
15. N. A. Riza, “Hybrid Optical Sensor for Extreme Temperature Measurement in Next Generation Higher Efficiency Greener Power Plants,” Invited paper, AMA SENSOR 2015 17th International Conference on Sensors and Measurement Technology Germany, 2015.