Riza and his group’s contributions in the field of communication have ranged from both the optical fiber domain to the laser communications wireless arena. In the fiber-optic signal attenuation arena, the group has pioneered the most diverse set of variable optical attenuator (VOA) modules using optical MEMS, Acousto-Optic (AO), liquid and Liquid Crystal (LC) technologies. The group for example proposed and demonstrated the world’s first fault-tolerant variable attenuators, all-digital fiber-optic switches, spectral equalizers, and wavelength sensitive add-drop filters. These novel fiber-optic signal conditioning modules are based on a number of device technologies such as optical MEMS. LCs, AOs, and liquids. Riza invented the Hybrid MEMS/LC design for fiber-optic applications including the hybrid analog-digital design for producing world record performance VOAs. Other innovations include super low noise LC switches and low loss MEMS cross-connect switches. In the free-space wireless domain, Riza invented Multiplexed Optical Scanner Technology (MOST), a new method for no-moving parts three dimensional steering and imaging of light. The group also developed the most advanced theoretical models for freespace-to-Single Mode Fiber (SMF) lens coupling that has realized near zero loss SMF-to-freespace-to-SMF optical power transfer for short distances as well as for longer range optical wireless link distances. In addition, the group introduced and demonstrated the first smart indoor optical wireless concept using agile reconfigurable light to produce robust indoor optical wireless communications including its first application for data centers. Another novel optical communications method introduced by Riza and co-workers is called spatial optical CDMA that deploys spatial coding of light to provide multi-access communications using both fiber and freespace communication channels.